Shifting cultivation in Africa

the Zande system of agriculture.
  • 304 Pages
  • 0.88 MB
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  • English
by
Routledge & Kegan Paul , London
Agriculture -- S
The Physical Object
Paginationxxxi,304p.,[61]p. of plates (5 folded,1 col.)
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20826764M

Shifting cultivation, also referred to as slash-and-burn cultivation, is a system practiced mostly in wetter miombo woodlands, the most extensive ecoregion in the Southern African Development Community (SADC).It is unique in Shifting cultivation in Africa book crops are grown in a field covered by ashes made from burning piles of branches obtained by lopping and chopping trees from an area (outfield) 10.

Shifting agriculture, system of cultivation that preserves soil fertility by plot (field) rotation, as distinct from crop shifting agriculture Shifting cultivation in Africa book plot of land is cleared and cultivated for a short period of time; then it is abandoned and allowed to revert to its natural vegetation while the cultivator moves on to another plot.

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The period of cultivation is usually terminated when the. Publisher: Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Edition/Format: Print book: International government publication: EnglishView all editions and formats: Rating: (not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

Subjects: Shifting cultivation -- Africa. Shifting cultivation is a type of cultivation in which an area is cultivated temporarily for a period of time which differs from place to place and then abandoned for some time so that it restores nutrients in the plot naturally.

This is very essential for the fertility of the land. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Changes in shifting cultivation in Africa. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Shifting Cultivation in Africa Hardcover – January 1, by Pierre De Schlippe (Author) See all 3 formats and editions Hide other formats and editions.

Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" — Author: Pierre De Schlippe. Shifting cultivation is practiced in much of the world's Humid Low-Latitude, or "A" climate regions, which have relatively high temperatures and abundant rainfall.

Shifting cultivation is practiced by nearly million people, especially in the tropical rain forests of South America, Central and West Africa, and Southeast Asia.

Description Shifting cultivation in Africa PDF

This study reviews the various forms of shifting agriculture practised in Latin America, with particular emphasis on Venezuela, Mexico and Peru. It illustrates the pressures on the land-hungry peasant which force him to clear a plot in the forest, cultivate it until yields decline on the exhausted soil and then move on to repeat the process by: Shifting cultivation: definition, basic features and types.

Shifting cultivation is a low-input system of arable farming that is practice in large areas of the humid and sub-humid tropics. The major characteristics of shifting cultivation are summarized and briefly examined.

In Central Africa, shifting cultivation also remains very widespread, with an even higher occurrence than in West Africa; in certain areas it is still expanding, such as in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

In eastern and southern Africa, shifting cultivation is still present, but not very common, with particularly low occurrences in Kenya Cited by: shifting cultivation in one way or another.

The current climate change discourse has taken the debate on shifting cultivation to another, a global level, reinforcing existing prejudices, laws and programs with little concern for the people affected by them.

Now, shifting cultivation is bad because it causes carbon emission and thusFile Size: 1MB. Hence the shifting cultivation is the best and the first way of the changing of the soil from the mind of the fertility of the soil in term of the growth of the crops in the cultivation method.

In the starting period of the time, the system of cultivation is firstly used in the system as the regular bases that are at the hill areas of Africa.

book Shifting cultivation in Africa: the Zande system of agriculture Pierre De Schlippé Published in in London by Routledge & PaulCited by: Advantages and Disadvantages of Shifting Cultivation What is shifting cultivation.

Shifting cultivation is a method of agriculture where an area of land is cleared off its vegetation and cultivated for a period of time and then abandoned for its fertility to be naturally restored. Cassava in shifting cultivation: A systems approach to agricultural technology development in Africa (Development oriented research in agriculture) Hardcover – January 1, by Louise Fresco (Author) › Visit Amazon's Louise Fresco Page.

Find Cited by: Large parts of sub-Saharan Africa are experiencing rapid changes in land use and land cover, driven largely by the expansion of small-scale shifting cultivation. Shifting Agriculture synonyms, Shifting Agriculture pronunciation, Shifting Agriculture translation, English dictionary definition of Shifting Agriculture.

n a land-use system, esp in tropical Africa, in which a tract of land is cultivated until its fertility diminishes, when it is abandoned until this is. Get print book. No eBook available.

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University of California Pr Shifting Cultivation in Southeastern Asia, Volume 19 PC permanent permanent-field permanent-field agriculture Philippines plant domestication plot political population practice of shifting private ownership procedures production regeneration regions residence rice ritualism.

"This book represents a multifaceted analysis of the transformation of shifting cultivation. The diverse views of a large team of experts are superbly knit together by the experienced editor to present an authoritative vision of what the future holds for not only shifting cultivation in the Asia-Pacific region, but subsistence farming the world.

Shifting cultivation, sometimes called swidden or slash and burn, is commonly found throughout the Amazon and other tropical regions worldwide. Shifting cultivation systems are designed to adapt to the soil and climatic characteristics of the Amazon basin- low soil fertility, high precipitation, and fast leaching of nutrients.

Book: Cassava shifting cultivation: a systems approach to agricultural technology development in Africa. pppp. ref.9pp. of ref.9pp. of Abstract: Although aggregated data for Africa show a declining food availability per head, these do not adequately reflect the diversity in performances between crops and by:   Shifting cultivation is a one of the predominated agricultural system in Asian and African countries.

The practice of shifting cultivation is believed to promote deforestation and carbon emission and contributing to the climate change. The slash and burn method of shifting cultivation contribute to an imbalance carbon and nutrient Size: KB.

Areas where practised in Africa. Central DRC, Miombo Woodlands of Tanzania, The Chitemene system by the Bemba and the Ushi in north-east Zambia,; The Chiinge system in the Chipinge area of Zimbabwe and; Central Guinea.

Characteristics. Shifting cultivation as a system depends on the availability of vacant land that is forested for its survival. Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which areas of land are cultivated for a short ng cultivation is practised in the thickly forested areas of Amazon basin,tropical Africa,parts of southeast Asia and northeast India.

These are areas of heavy rainfall and quick regenerating of vegetation. Then they are left to grow back their natural vegetation, while the. Shifting cultivation is the agricultural technique employed by the majority of farmers in the tropical regions of Africa.

The dominant narrative recited by policy experts, non-governmental Author: Amy Ickowitz. Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which a person uses a piece of land, only to abandon or alter the initial use a short time later.

This system often involves clearing of a piece. Shifting Cultivation. Shifting cultivation is the most ancient system of agriculture in which soil fertility is restored by long periods of fallowing rather than by off-farm inputs of fertilizers and amendments, nutrients are recycled between natural vegetation and crops, and ecological balance is maintained by adopting diverse and complex cropping systems rather than.

Changes in shifting cultivation in Africa Forestry Department FAC FORESTS PAPEF 50 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION The designations employed and the presentation of material m this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organ^ation of the United Nations concermng the legal.

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document. Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records Schlippe, Pierre de, Title: Shifting cultivation in Africa: the Zande system of agriculture Published By: Original publisher London: Routledge &Paul.

xxxi, p. ill. • It is also popularly known as cultivation of slash and burn, is the most prevalent form of cultivation in the hilly areas of tropical Asian countries including BD.

• The Jhum cultivation lead to decline of productivity by 50%, an amount of metric tons of topsoil per hectare are depleted per year due to shifting cultivation.

The history of shifting cultivation is as old as the history of agricul­ture itself. On the basis of archaeological evidences and radio-carbon dating, the origin of shifting cultivation could be traced back to about BC in the Neolithic period which witnessed the remarkable and revolutionary change in man’s mode of production of food as from hunter and gatherer he became food .The Shifting Cultivation Research Sub-programme has so far carried out research, extension and training relevant to development in shifting cultivation areas of Lao P.D.R.

This broad mandate ensured positive interactions between research and development activities, but also meant that it was difficult to focus Size: 28KB.shifting cultivation as “the process of using one area of land as farmland and moving onto another area of land to farm.” Slash-and-burn agriculture is then offered as an example of shifting cultivation.

The response received 1 point in part C for explaining that shifting cultivation was sustainable in the past.